Status of Stocks

Status of Stocks

Below is a list of papers and reports related to the status of NPAFC-related anadromous stocks.

Year Title Author Source
2018 Incidental Catches of Salmonids by US Groundfish Fisheries in the Bering Sea/Aleutian Islands and the Gulf of Alaska, 1990–2017 Schnaittacher, G.M.
Narita, R.E.
NPAFC Doc. 1797
2018 Canadian Salmon Catch and Enhanced Salmon Production in 2016 and 2017 Thiess, M.E.
Bateman, J.
Parsley, J.
Hamilton, S.
NPAFC Doc. 1778
2018 Korean Salmon Catch Statistics and Hatchery Releases in 2017–2018 Lee., D.H.
Lee, C.I.
Kim, N.R.
NPAFC Doc. 1773
2018 Decreasing Area of Chum Salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) Distribution in the North Pacific in Summer 1982–2016 Azumaya, T.
Sato, E.
Urawa, S.
NPAFC Doc. 1767
2018 Preliminary 2017 Salmon Enhancement Production in Japan Fukuzawa, H.
Hirabayashi, Y.
NPAFC Doc. 1762
2018 Preliminary Statistics for 2017 Commercial Salmon Catches in Japan Hirabayashi, Y.
Saito, T.
NPAFC Doc. 1761
2018 Incidental Catches of Anadromous Fishes by Japanese Research Vessels in the North Pacific Ocean in 2017 Suzuki, K.
Urawa, S.
NPAFC Doc. 1759
2018 Biostatistical Information on Salmon Catch, Escapement and Enhancement Production in Russia in 2017 Klovach, N.V.
Temnykh O.S.
Shevlyakov V.A.
Lysenko A.V.
Golub E.V.
Burlak O.V.
Shevlyakov E.A.
Kaev A.M.
Golovanov I.S.
NPAFC Doc. 1749
2018 Cruise Plans of Japanese Research Vessels Involving Incidental Takes of Anadromous Fish in the North Pacific Ocean in 2018 FIRA NPAFC Doc. 1742
2017 Biostatistical Information on Salmon Catches, Escapement and Enhancement Production in Russia in 2016 Klovach, N.V.
Temnykh O.S.
Shevlyakov V.A.
Golub E.V.
Zolotukhin S.F.
Shevlyakov E.A.
Romasenko L.V.
Volobuev V.V.
NPAFC Doc. 1724
2017 Fraser River Sockeye: Abundance and Productivity Trends and Forecasts Grant, S.C.H.
B.L. MacDonald
C.G.J. Michielsens
NPAFC Doc. 1722
2017 Summary of Non-coastal Salmon Catch Data from the North Pacific Ocean Irvine, J.R. NPAFC Doc. 1716 Rev. 1
2017 Canadian Salmon Catch and Enhanced Salmon Production in 2015 and 2016 Tompkins, A.
P. Hall
J. Bateman
S. Hamilton
NPAFC Doc. 1714
2017 Korean Salmon Catch Statistics and Hatchery Releases in 2016–2017 Hong, K.E.
C.H. Lee
D.H. Lee
NPAFC Doc. 1708
2017 Preliminary 2016 Salmon Enhancement Production in Japan Fukuzawa, H.
Y. Hirabayashi
NPAFC Doc. 1694
2017 Preliminary Statistics for 2016 Commercial Salmon Catches in Japan Hirabayashi, Y.
T. Saito
NPAFC Doc. 1693
2017 Incidental Catches of Anadromous Fishes by Japanese Research Vessels in the North Pacific Ocean in 2016 Suzuki, K.
S. Urawa
NPAFC Doc. 1691
2017 Results of 2016 Salmon Research in the Eastern Part of Okhotsk Sea by the R/V MRTK-316 Klimov, A.V.
V. G. Erokhin
V. Bugaev
NPAFC Doc. 1689
2016 Biostatistical Information on Salmon Catches, Escapement and Enhancement Production in Russia in 2015 Klovach, N.
O. Temnykh
V. Shevlyakov
E. Golub
A. Kanzeparova
E. Shevlyakov
L. Romasenko
V. Volobuev
NPAFC Doc. 1624
2016 Stock Estimates of Juvenile Chum Salmon Captured on the 2013 Bering Sea and Chukchi Sea Research Survey Kondzela, C.
J. Whittle
C. Guthrie III
J. Guyon
NPAFC Doc. 1633
2016 Preliminary statistics for 2015 commercial salmon catches in Japan Hirabayashi, Y.
T. Saito
T. Nagasawa
NPAFC Doc. 1636
2016 Preliminary 2015 Salmon Enhancement Production in Japan Fukuzawa, H.
Y. Hirabayashi
NPAFC Doc. 1637
2016 Korean Salmon Catch Statistics and Hatchery Releases in 2015–2016 Hong, K.E.
D.H. Lee
J.K. Kim
NPAFC Doc. 1649 Rev. 3
2016 Canadian Salmon Catch and Enhanced Salmon Production in 2014 and 2015 with a Historical Overview of Recreational Steelhead Catches Tompkins, A.
S. Hamilton
J. Bateman
J. Irvine
NPAFC Doc. 1654 Rev. 1
2016 Provisional Estimates of Numbers and Biomass for Natural-origin and Hatchery-origin Pink, Chum, and Sockeye Salmon in the North Pacific, 1952–2015 Irvine, J.
G. Ruggerone
NPAFC Doc. 1660
2015 Biostatistical Information on Salmon Catches, Escapement and Enhancement Production in Russia in 2014 Klovach, N.
O. Temnykh
V. Shevlyakov
E. Golub
A. Kanzeparova
E. Shevlyakov
A. Kaev
V. Volobuev
NPAFC Doc. 1565 Rev. 4
2015 Korean Salmon Catch Statistics and Hatchery Releases in 2014–2015 Hong, K.E.
J.K. Kim
D.H. Lee
NPAFC Doc. 1577 Rev. 1
2015 Preliminary Statistics for 2014 Commercial Salmon Catches in Japan Hirabayashi, Y.
T. Saito
T. Nagasawa
NPAFC Doc. 1585
2015 Preliminary 2014 Salmon Enhancement Production in Japan Nakashima, A.
Y. Hirabayashi
NPAFC Doc. 1586
2015 Pacific Salmon Escapement Estimation Methods and Data for Alaska Volk, E.
A. Munro
NPAFC Doc. 1588
2015 Provisional Abundance Estimates of Adult Hatchery and Wild Pink,
Chum, and Sockeye Salmon by Region of the North Pacific, 1952–2010
Ruggerone, G.
J. Irvine
NPAFC Doc. 1594
2015 Pacific Salmon Escapement Estimation Methods and Data for Canada Tompkins, A.
B. Baxter
NPAFC Doc. 1604
2015 Canadian Salmon Catch and Enhanced Salmon Production in 2013 and 2014 Tompkins, A.
S. Hamilton
J. Bateman
NPAFC Doc. 1606
2015 Biological Monitoring of Key Salmon Populations: Japanese Chum Salmon Saito, T. NPAFC Newsletter 37:11–19
2014 Revision of Data on Pink Salmon Abundance in East Sakhalin and
Kuril Islands
Kaev, A.M.
N.V. Klovach
NPAFC Doc. 1501
2014 Canadian Commercial Catches and Escapements of Chinook and Coho Salmon Separated into Hatchery- and Wild-Origin Fish Ogden, A.D.
J.R. Irvine
M. O’Brien
N. Komick
G. Brown
A. Tompkins
NPAFC Doc. 1531
2014 Biological Monitoring of Key Salmon Populations: Southeast Alaska Pink Salmon Orsi, J.
A. Piston
E. Fergusson
J. Joyce
NPAFC Newsletter 36:13–19
2014 Biological Monitoring of Key Salmon Populations: Technological Improvements in Escapement Estimation in British Columbia Tompkins, A.
K. Benner
S. Decker
I. Winther
C. McConnell
J. Till
NPAFC Newsletter 36:20–25
2014 Biological Monitoring of a Key Salmon Population: Ozernaya River Sockeye Salmon of West Kamchatka Koval, M.
E. Lepskaya
V. Dubynin
E. Shevlyakov
NPAFC Newsletter 35:15–20
2014 Japanese Wild Salmon Research: Toward a Reconciliation
Between Hatchery and Wild Salmon Management
Morita, K. NPAFC Newsletter 35:4–14
2014 Limit Reference Points for Pacific Salmon Fisheries Portley, N.
H.J. Geiger
North American Journal of Fisheries Management 34:401–410. doi: 10.1080/02755947.2014.882453
2013 Structure of Spawning Stocks of Four Pacific Salmon Species of the Olutorsky Bay (Bering Sea, Northeast Kamchatka) Klovach, N.
A. Elnikov
A. Gritsenko
NPAFC Doc. 1488
2013 The Population of Chum Salmon (Oncorhynchus keta)
in the Anadyr River Basin, Chukotka AO, Russia
Baranov, S.B. NPAFC Technical Report 9:146–149
2013 A Brief on Korean Chum Salmon: Past and Future Park, Y.
K.E. Hong
NPAFC Newsletter 33:14–16
2013 Structure of Sockeye Salmon Stocks in Bolshaya River Basin (Western Kamchatka) in 1986–2012 Zaporozhets, O.M.
G.V. Zaporozhets
Collection of scientific papers “Conservation of Biodiversity of Kamchatka and Coastal Waters”: 107–116. (in Russian with English abstract)
2013 Stock Dynamics and Biological Parameters of Pacific Salmons in the Bolshaya River (West Kamchatka) Zaporozhets, O.M.
G.V. Zaporozhets
Zh.Kh. Zorbidi
Izvestiya TINRO 174: 38–68 (in Russian with English abstracts)
2013 Understanding Smolt Survival Trends in Sockeye Salmon Irvine, J. R.
S. A. Akenhead
Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science 5: 303–328. doi:10.1080/19425120.2013.831002
2013 Historical and Current Hatchery Programs and Management of Chum Salmon in Hokkaido, Northern Japan Miyakoshi, Y.
M. Nagata
S. Kitada
M. Kaeriyama
Reviews in Fisheries Science 21 (3–4): 469–479. doi:10.1080/10641262.2013.836446
2013 Estimation of the Proportion of Wild Chum Salmon Oncorhynchus keta in Japanese Hatchery Rivers Morita, K.
S. Takahashi
K. Ohkuma
T. Nagasawa
Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 79 (2): 206–213
2013 Distinguishing Benchmarks of Biological Status from Management Reference Points: A Case Study on Pacific Salmon in Canada Holt, C.S.
J.R. Irvine
Environmental Conservation 40:345–355. doi:10.1017/S0376892913000209
2012 Decreases in Abundance of Immature Pacific Salmon in the Western Bering Sea from 2002 to 2011: Link to Hydrological and Forage Conditions Zavolokin, A.
G.V. Khen
NPAFC Doc. 1398
2012 Interannual Variability in Size and Age Structure of Russian Chum Salmon Stocks Temnykh, O.S.
A.V. Zavolokin
L.O. Zavarina
V.V. Volobuev
S.L. Marchenko
S.F. Zolotuhin
N.F. Kaplanova
E.V. Podorozhnyuk
A.A. Goryainov, A.V. Lysenko
A.M. Kaev
Yu.I. Ignat’ev
E.V. Denisenko
Yu.N. Kokhlov
O.A. Rassadnikov
NPAFC Doc. 1413 Rev. 1
2012 Canadian Enhanced Salmonid Production During 1978–2011 (1977–2010 Brood Years) Sandher, J.
C. Lynch
D. Willis
R. Cook
J.R. Irvine
NPAFC Doc. 1420
2012 Pacific Salmon Status and Abundance Trends—2012 Update Irvine, J.R
A. Tompkins
T. Saito
K.B. Seong
J.K. Kim
N. Klovach
H. Bartlett
E. Volk
NPAFC Doc. 1422 Rev. 2
2012 Estimating Winter Mortality in Juvenile Marble River Chinook Salmon Trudel, M.
K.R. Middleton
S. Tucker
M.E. Thiess
J.F.T. Morris
J.R. Candy
A. Mazumder
T.D. Beacham
NPAFC Doc. 1426
2012 Relating Spatial and Temporal Scales of Climate and Ocean Variability to Survival of Pacific Northwest Chinook Salmon: a Summary Velez-Espino, L.A.
R. Sharma
A.C. Wertheimer
N. Mantua
R.C. Francis
NPAFC Doc. 1427
2012 Salmon Assessment in British Columbia and Yukon Tomkins, A.
K. Komick
M. Thiess
NPAFC Doc. 1431
2012 Observations and Speculations on the Reasons for Recent Increases
in Pink Salmon Production
Beamish, R.J. NPAFC Technical Report 8:1–8
2012 Why Are Pink and Chum Salmon at Such High Abundance Levels
in the Gulf of Alaska?
Heard, W.R.
A.C. Wertheimer
NPAFC Technical Report 8:9–12
2012 Temporal Patterns for Odd- and Even-Year Pink Salmon Conservation Units in British Columbia and Puget Sound (Washington State) Irvine, J.R.
C. Michielsens
B. White
P. Van Will
M. O’Brien
NPAFC Technical Report 8:13
2012 Abundance Dynamics of Pink Salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha,
as a Structured Process Determined by Many Factors
Radchenko, V.I. NPAFC Technical Report 8:14–18
2012 Production Trends of Pink Salmon in the Sakhalin-Kuril Region
from the Viewpoint of Run Timing
Kaev, A.M. NPAFC Technical Report 8:21–25
2012 Trends of Сhum and Pink Salmon Production in Chukotka Khokhlov, Y.N. NPAFC Technical Report 8:26–27
2012 Recent Patterns in Return Rate of Chum Salmon to Different Regions of Hokkaido Miyakoshi, Y.
M. Nagata
NPAFC Technical Report 8:29–31
2012 An Assessment of the State of Chum Salmon Stocks From the East
and West Coasts of Kamchatka
Zavarina, L.O. NPAFC Technical Report 8:35
2012 Cyclic Fluctuations in Chum Salmon Abundance along the
Pacific Coast of Hokkaido, Japan
Saito, T.
K. Watanabe
K. Sasaki
S. Kogarumai
S.H. Morita
NPAFC Technical Report 8:36–37
2012 Natural Reproduction of Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha)
on the Okhotsk coast of Hokkaido, Japan
Iida, M.
T. Kato
H. Tokuda
NPAFC Technical Report 8:38–40
2012 Distribution and Abundance of Juvenile Chum Salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) in Nemuro Bay, Eastern Hokkaido, Japan Kasugai, K.
M. Torao
H. Kakizaki
H. Adachi
H. Shinhama
Y. Ogasawara
S. Kawahara
T. Arauchi
M. Nagata
NPAFC Technical Report 8:58–61
2012 Forecast and Production Dynamics of the Pink Salmon of Kamchatka Shevlyakov, E.A.
M.V. Koval
NPAFC Technical Report 8:121–125
2012 An Overview of Salmon Enhancement and the Need to Manage and Monitor Natural Spawning in Hokkaido, Japan Nagata, M.
Y. Miyakoshi
H. Urabe
M. Fujiwara
Y. Sasaki
K. Kasugai
M. Torao
D. Ando
M. Kaeriyama
Environmental Biology of Fishes 94 (1):311–323
2012 State of the Physical Biological, and Selected Fishery Resources of Pacific Canadian Marine Ecosystems in 2011 Irvine, J.R.
W.R. Crawford
DFO Canadian Scientific Advisory Secretariat Research Document 2012/072
2012 Results of Estimation of Juvenile Chum Salmon Abundance in the Southern Okhotsk Sea in Fall 2012 Maznikova, O.A. Bulletin of Pacific Salmon Studies in the Russian Far East 7: 225–227 (in Russian)
2012 Studies of Stock Abundance of Salmonids in 1995–2011. Collection of scientific articles Bugaev, V.F. Studies of Aquatic Biological Resources of Kamchatka and Northwest Pacific Ocean 25:5–36 (in Russian with English abstract)
2012 Wild and Hatchery Reproduction of Pink and Chum Salmon and their Catches in the Sakhalin-Kuril Region, Russia Kaev, A.M. Environmental Biology of Fishes 94:207–218
2012 Dynamics of Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) Stocks in Kunashir Romasenko, L.V. Izvestiya TINRO 168:42–58 (in Russian with English abstract)
2012 A Widespread Decrease in Productivity of Sockeye Salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) Populations in Western North America Romasenko, L.V. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 69(8), 1255–1260. doi:10.1139/f2012-063
2012 Global Assessment of Extinction Risk to Populations of Sockeye Salmon Oncorhynchus nerka Rand, P.S.
M. Goslin
M.R., Gross
J.R. Irvine
X. Augerot
A. McHugh
V.F. Bugaev
PLoS ONE 7(4):e34065. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034065
2011 Temporal Patterns in Productivity of North American Sockeye and Chinook Salmon Tompkins, A.
G. Brown
M. Thiess
NPAFC Doc. 1356
2011 Stock Abundance and Cooperative International Governance of Pacific Salmon Ogata, Y.
H. Kurokura
N. Davis
Poster presented at Japanese Society of Fish. Sci., Sep 2011
2011 North Pacific Salmon Hatchery Releases, 1993–2009 Ogata, Y. NPAFC Newsletter 30:6–9
2011 Regional Differences in Climate Factors Controlling Chum and Pink Salmon Abundance Fukuwaka, M.
T Kaga
T. Azumaya
ICES Journal of Marine Science. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsr033
2011 Pacific Salmon Abundance Trends and Climate Change Irvine, J.R.
M. Fukuwaka
ICES Journal of Marine Science. doi:10.093/icesjms/fsq199
2011 Status of Cultus Lake Sockeye Salmon Bradford, M.J.
J.M.B. Hume
R.E. Withler
D. Lofthouse
S. Barnetson
S. Grant
M. Folkes
N. Schubert
A.M. Huang
DFO Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat Research Document 2010/123
2011 State of Physical, Biological, and Selected Fishery Resources of Pacific Canadian Marine Ecosystems in 2010 Crawford, W.R.
J.R. Irvine
DFO Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat Research Document 2011/054
2011 Evaluation of Uncertainty in Fraser Sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) Wild Salmon Policy Status Using Abundance and Trends in Abundance Metrics Grant, S.C.H.
B.L. MacDonald
T.E. Cone
C.A. Holt
A. Cass
E.J. Porszt
J.M.B. Hume
L.B. Pon
DFO Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat Research Document 2011/087
2011 Evaluating Benchmarks of Population Status for Pacific Salmon Holt, C.A.
M.J. Bradford
North American Journal of Fisheries Management 31:363–378
2011 Pacific Salmon of the Continental Sea Coast Area of the Sea of Okhotsk (Biology, Population Structure, Number Dynamics, Commercial Fishing) Volobuev, V.V.
S.L. Marchenko
North-Eastern Scientific Center of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Science 303 p. (in Russian)
2011 Biological Structure and Trends of Changing Stock Abundance of Chum Salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) in the Bolshaya-Vorovskaya River System, West Kamchatka Zavarina, L.О. Studies of Aquatic Biological Resources of Kamchatka and Northwest Pacific Ocean 23:5–17 (in Russian with English abstract)
2010 Salmon Stock Assessment in the North Pacific Ocean, 2010 Fukuwaka, M.
T. Ishihara
M. Sakai
Y. Kamei
NPAFC Doc. 1264
2010 Magnitude and Trends in Abundance of Hatchery and Wild Pink Salmon, Chum Salmon, and Sockeye Salmon in the North Pacific Ocean Ruggerone, G.T.
R.M. Peterman
B. Dorner
K.W. Myers
Marine & Coastal Fisheries 2:306–328
2010 Abundance of Adult Hatchery and Wild Salmon by Region of the North Pacific Ruggerone, G.T.
R.M. Peterman
B. Dorner
K.W. Myers
N.J. Mantua
University of Washington Technical Report
2010 Early Marine Survival of Coho Salmon in the Strait of Georgia
Declines to Very Low Levels
Beamish, R.J.
R.M. Sweeting
K.L. Lange
D.J. Noakes
D. Preikshot
C.M. Neville
Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science 2:424-439
2010 State of Physical, Biological, and Selected Fishery Resources of Pacific Canadian Marine Ecosystems in 2009 Crawford, W.R.
J.R. Irvine
DFO Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat Research Document 2010/053
2009 Historical Biomass of Pink, Chum, and Sockeye Salmon in North Pacific Ocean Eggers, D.M. Pacific Salmon: Ecology and Management of Western Alaska’s Populations; AFS Symp 70
2009 Pacific Salmon Status and Abundance Trends Irvine, J.R.
M. Fukuwaka
T. Kaga
J.H. Park
K.B. Seong
S. Kang
V. Karpenko
N. Klovach
H. Bartlett
E. Volk
NPAFC Doc. 1199 Rev. 1
2009 Trends in Run Size and Carrying Capacity of Pacific Salmon
in the North Pacific Ocean
Kaeriyama, M.
H. Seo
H. Kudo
NPAFC Bulletin 5:293–302
2009 Distribution and CPUE Trends in Pacific Salmon, Especially Sockeye Salmon in the Bering Sea and Adjacent Waters from 1972 to the mid 2000s Nagasawa, T.
T. Azumaya
NPAFC Bulletin 5:1–13
2009 Climate, Growth and Population Dynamics of Yukon River Chinook Salmon Ruggerone, G.T.
J.L. Nielsen
B.A. Agler
NPAFC Bulletin 5:279–285
2007 Trends in Abundance and Biological Characteristics for
North Pacific Sockeye Salmon
Eggers, D.M.
J.R. Irvine
NPAFC Bulletin 4:53–75
2007 Trends in Abundance and Biological Characteristics of Chum Salmon Fukuwaka, M.
T. Azumaya
T. Nagasawa
A.N. Starovoytov
J.H. Helle
T. Saito
E. Hasegawa
NPAFC Bulletin 4:35–43
2007 Chinook Salmon—Trends in Abundance and Biological Characteristics Heard, W.R.
E. Shevlyakov
O.V. Zikunova
R.E. McNicol
NPAFC Bulletin 4:77–91
2007 Salmon as Status Indicators for North Pacific Ecosystems Irvine, J.R.
B.E. Riddell
NPAFC Bulletin 4:285–287
2007 Possible Causes and Effects of Shifts in Trends of Abundance in
Pink Salmon of Southern Sakhalin and Iturup Islands
Kaev, A.M.
A.A. Antonov
V.M. Chupakhin
V.A. Rudnev
NPAFC Bulletin 4:23–33
2007 Trends in Abundance and Biological Characteristics of Pink Salmon
(Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) in the North Pacific Ocean
Radchenko, V.I.
O.S. Temnykh
V.V. Lapko
NPAFC Bulletin 4:7–21
2007 Trends in Abundance and Size of Coho Salmon in the Pacific Rim Shaul, L.
L. Weitkamp
K. Simpson
J. Sawada
NPAFC Bulletin 4:93–104
2007 Trends in Abundance and Feeding of Chum Salmon in the Western Bering Sea Starovoytov, A.N. NPAFC Bulletin 4:45–51
2006 NPAFC-PICES Joint Symposium “The Status of Pacific Salmon and their Role in North Pacific Marine Ecosystems” Beamish, R. PICES Press: Volume 14:1
2003 Catch Trends and Status of North Pacific Salmon Eggers, D.M.
J.R. Irvine
M. Fukuwaka
V.I. Karpenko
NPAFC Doc. 723 Rev. 3
2003 Present State of Asian Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) Radchenko, V.I.
I.I. Glebov
NPAFC Bulletin 2:145–154
2003 A Provisional Report on the 2003 Salmon Season Working Group on Stock Assessment NPAFC Doc. 738 Rev. 1
1998 History and Status of Pacific Salmon in British Columbia Henderson, M.A.
C.C. Graham
NPAFC Bulletin 1:13-22
1998 Historical Trends of Salmon Fisheries and Stock Conditions in Japan Hiroi, O. NPAFC Bulletin 1:23–27
1998 Trends in the Status of Pacific Populations in Washington, Oregon, California, and Idaho Kope, R.
T. Wainwright
NPAFC Bulletin 1:1–12
1998 A Historical Perspective on Salmonid Production from Pacific Rim Hatcheries Mahnken, C.
G. Ruggerone
W. Waknitz
T. Flagg
NPAFC Bulletin 1:38–53
1998 Historical Trends of Salmon Fisheries and Stock Conditions in Russia Radchenko, V.I. NPAFC Bulletin 1:28–37